Homozygous: Homozygous mutant mice lacking exons 3-5 of the PTEN gene (mPTEN3-5) had severely expanded and abnormally patterned cephalic and caudal regions at day 8.5 of gestation. Embryonic death occurred by day 9.5 and was associated with defective chorio-allantoic development.
Heterozygous: Heterozygous mPTEN3-5 mice had an increased incidence of tumors, especially T-cell lymphomas; gamma-irradiation reduced the time lapse of tumor formation. DNA analysis of these tumors revealed the deletion of the mPTEN gene due to loss of heterozygosity of the wild-type allele. Tumors associated with loss of heterozygosity in mPTEN showed elevated phosphorylation of protein kinase B (PKB, also known as Akt kinase), thus providing a functional connection between mPTEN and a murine proto-oncogene (c-Akt) involved in the development of lymphomas.
Suzuki A, de la Pompa JL, Stambolic V, Elia AJ, Sasaki T, del Barco Barrantes I, Ho A, Wakeham A, Itie A, Khoo W, Fukumoto M, Mak TW. High cancer susceptibility and embryonic lethality associated with mutation of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene in mice. Curr Biol. 1998 Oct 22;8(21):1169-78. (Medline PMID: 9799734)
|Viability and Fertility:||Female||Male||Comments|
|Homozygotes are viable:||No||No|
|Homozygotes are fertile:||N/A||N/A|
|Heterozygotes are fertile:||Yes||Yes|
|Age Reproductive Decline:||8 to 12 months||8 to 12 months|
Limited quantities of breeder mice (up to 2 males and 2 females or 4 mice) per investigator per month are available from a live colony, usually available to ship in under 12 weeks. Larger quantities may be available, please contact the distributing center directly at email@example.com for more details.
Cryopreserved material may be available upon request, please inquire to firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Distribution of this strain requires submission of the MMRRC Conditions of Use (COU). A link to the COU web form will be provided via email after an order has been placed; the form should be completed then or the email forwarded to your institutional official for completion.
The donor or their institution limits the distribution to non-profit institutions only.
Additional charges may apply for any special requests. Shipping costs are in addition to the basic distribution/resuscitation fees. Information on shipping costs and any additional charges will be provided by the supplying MMRRC facility.
|MMRRC Item #||Description||Distribution Fee / Unit (US $)||Units||Notes|
|Heterozygous / Hemizygous Female
Heterozygous / Hemizygous Male
Wild Type Female
Wild Type Male
|$218.00 / Non-Profit||Per Mouse||The email@example.com may assess additional fees for any special requests (e.g., specific age or weight of mice, etc.).|
|Cryopreserved material may be available upon request, please inquire to firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.|
Some MMRRC strains were submitted by the donor as cryopreserved germplasm, and because these strains were not cryopreserved by the MMRRC, we have not assessed the quality of this material. We have extensive experience with recovery of mice from cryopreserved sperm and embryos of varying quality, including using techniques such as IVF and ICSI, and are confident that we will have success in most, if not all, cases. However, because of the unknown quality of these frozen samples, we will restrict recovery efforts to two attempts for each order. Subsequent attempts can be performed on a fee-for-service basis, in addition to the standard fees, upon request.
1 The distribution fee covers the expense of resuscitating mice from the cryo-archive; you will receive the resulting litter. The litter will contain at minimum one mutant carrier; the actual number of animals and the gender and genotype ratios will vary. (Typically, multiple breeder pairs can be established from the recovered litter.) Prior to shipment, the MMRRC will provide information about the animals recovered. If you anticipate or find that you need to request specific genotypes, genders or quantities of mice in excess of what is likely from a resuscitated litter, you may discuss available options and pricing with the supplying MMRRC facility.
2 An aliquot is one straw or vial with sufficient sperm to recover at least one litter of mice, as per provided protocols, when performed at the MMRRC facility. The MMRRC makes no guarantee concerning the success of these procedures when performed outside the MMRRC facilities.
3 An aliquot contains a sufficient number of embryos (in one or more vials or straws and based on the transfer success rate of the MMRRC facility) to transfer into one to three recipients. The MMRRC makes no guarantee concerning embryo transfer success experienced in the recipient investigator's laboratory. Neither gender nor genotype ratios are guaranteed.